Astronomers Discover Oldest Observed Galaxy
Astronomers have discovered what they're calling the furthest observed galaxy from the Earth, and one of the oldest in existence. Called EGS-zs8-1, the baby blue galaxy is 13.1 billion light-years from Earth, and is believed to be among the universe's earliest galaxies, formed an estimated 670 million years after the Big Bang. EGS-zs8-1 was first spotted with the help of the Hubble Space Telescope in 2013, but astronomers took months to confirm its age and distance from our own galaxy using the ground-based Keck Observatory.
NASA officials released a photo this week of a newly discovered galaxy which scientists have nicknamed the “UFO Galaxy” for its flying saucer-like appearance. Officially named NGC 2683, the galaxy is a spiral galaxy lined up so that the perspective from our solar system sees it almost from the side, making it look like a flying saucer. According to NASA, the galaxy was originally discovered way back in 1788, but the Hubble Telescope has captured the first images of the cosmic UFO, located some 35 million light years from Earth.
Boston Dynamics showed off its latest creation this week, an impressive jumping robot the company is calling the Sand Flea. Weighing just 11 pounds, the remote control robot is capable of jumping as high as 30 feet, allowing it to overcome a wide variety of urban obstacles. The Sand Flea uses a piston powered by CO2 that can power up to 25 jumps before it needs recharging. The robot is also accurate enough to jump into an open window two stories up thanks to a special stabilization system.
James Cameron, director of blockbuster films like “Titanic” and “Avatar,” made history this weekend by becoming the first man to reach the Marianas Trench in the Pacific Ocean alone. In fact, the journey has only been taken once before, when two men traveled to the deepest spot in the world's oceans in 1960. Cameron began his journey early Sunday afternoon eastern time, and took two hours and 36 minutes to descend the nearly seven miles to the bottom of the trench. He spent several hours on the ocean floor before beginning a 70-minute ascent back to the ocean's surface.
A wave of solar flares battered Earth's magnetic field on Thursday, but the effects on power grids and GPS systems were minimal. The solar storm was one of the worst in years to hit the planet, but scientists say that it was headed in a direction that causes the least amount of problems. Several hours after the storm hit, officials reported that they have not received any reports of issued with technology that is susceptible to interference from heightened solar activity.
The US Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) announced this week that a headless robot called “Cheetah” has broken the world speed record for legged robots. According to the agency, Cheetah achieved a speed of 18 miles per hour on a treadmill, breaking the previous record of of 13.1 mhp. DARPA siad that Cheetah is part of a project aimed at developing robots to "more effectively assist war fighters across a greater range of missions".
Scientists searching for a rare species of deep sea snailfish not seen in 60 years discovered an even rarer species of giant amphipods, or shrimp. The researchers hauled up seven of the fish, known as “supergiant” amphipods from more than 30,000 feet below the surface of the ocean near New Zealand. The species, shown in the video above, measure up to 11 inches, more than ten times the average size of normal shrimp, which barely exceeds one inch.
Scientists from the CERN research facility in Geneva, Switzerland on Monday said that they may have finally seen evidence of the Higgs boson particle, and believe they may be close to being able to prove its existence. Discovery of the particle would be huge news as it is considered the missing piece of the puzzle of the Standard Model of particle physics to explain how matter is structured.
As of Tuesday, Hawaii's Kilauea volcano has been erupting continuously for 29 years, making its name all-the-more appropriate. In Hawaiian, Kilauea means “spewing” or “much spreading”, something the volcano has been doing non-stop since January 3rd, 1983. According to geologists, enough lava has been blown out of Kilauea over that span to pave a road around the world three times. The occasion was commemorated by the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory with a lecture on Kilauea's history, which more than 200 people attended.